For decades, the cellular office was the predominant office format in Europe. In the US, it was the open-plan office. These office concepts were challenged
and further developed
by new technologies, modified requirement profiles and companies’ self-understanding.
The human being is now the focus of office planning. Employee productivity is no longer measured in terms of sheernumbers; instead, soft factors
are increasingly considered. Interpersonal contact is promoted rather than prevented.
It’s no longer about the optimisation of individual workplaces; the focus is now on carefully considered comprehensive building concepts — for different work
situations and space utilisation scenarios. A decisive factor for success in office design is selecting the right office type for each company. It is an important selection process in the context of a requirement analysis, because every office layout offers different solutions
in terms of communication, concentration, flexibility and efficient use of space.
A suitable office layout can only occur if planners and users work together to analyse and determine needs and requirements. Different influencing factors have to be considered when choosing an office type. The various perspectives and interests
of those involved must be taken into account.
The characteristics of four different office layouts
are shown using the same floorplan.